Battery Tutorial

Battery and Charger Tutorial

Recovery Charge After Deep Discharge Tutorial

Battery and Charger, 6V

The Model 2.90-6V-110 charger and the Model 2.30 gelled-electrolyte 6V rechargeable battery.

Battery Chargers

We supply several related chargers that are very easy to use. All of the units have an internal computer-on-a-chip that makes possible the exact performance required for lead-acid batteries, whether they are manually-filled, sealed electrolyte, or Gell-cells. There are no switches to set. All battery chargers are fully regulated and automatic; continuously shorting the battery leads will not harm the chargers. The process goes through the 5 stages of charging described below.

Caution: CARE SHOULD BE EXERCISED WHEN CHARGING A DEPLETED BATTERY. These chargers will become HOT, not just warm, and should not be touched until after the GREEN (see below) light comes on. The case can cause burns if not handled properly.

1. Connecting the charger- The sequence of connections is very important for the charger’s computer operation. First, connect the color-coded leads to the battery. Then, plug the charger into the AC outlet. If you mistakenly connect the battery backwards (negative to positive) or short the charger leads together, no damage or sparks occur—only a RED light comes on to indicate the possible mistake.

2. Initial – When the charger (already connected to the battery) is initially plugged in, the unit’s computer sends intermittently, a small ( Bias ) current into the battery and then monitors the battery’s response to determine its charge state. A RED light may come on briefly if the battery was excessively discharged, but it should go off within the first few minutes. (This phase of charging is not shown on the figure below.)

3. Bulk charge mode – When the charger determines that the battery can safely take a charge, it goes into the bulk mode where the full capacity of the charger is applied to the battery until it is 80% charged. In this mode, the YELLOW light come on.

4. Absorption charge mode- Once the battery is 80% charged, the computer within the charger tapers the current from 100% to 33% of charger capacity until the battery reaches full charge. The light will remain YELLOW during this phase.

5. Float charge- After full charge has been reached, a GREEN light comes on, indicating the battery is ready for use. The computer switched to the 4 th part of the cycle, that of a temperature compensated float charger. The unit is now in its maintenance mode, keeping the battery in its ideal charged state. Once the battery has reached this ideal state, all of our chargers maintain this condition without causing “boil-off “, heating, or permitting the battery’s lead plates to sulfate. This means you can leave your batteries connected to the charger overnight, over the weekend, or indefinitely, knowing that when you take them to the field, they are in the ideal state.

Battery charging characteristics.

The black and white figure of charging characteristics above is for illustration. How long your batteries take to charge depends on which model is used and how depleted the battery was. The example shown above is for a 15 Amp-Hr battery that has been depleted 10 Amps being charged by a 1.5 Amp-Hr charger. The process will take about 12 hours.

Models of Battery Chargers

We supply the following chargers.

 Part no. Input voltage (AC) Battery voltage Charge rate  Number of batteries
2.90-6V-110 110 AC 6 DC 1.5 Amps/hr 1
2.88-6V-110 110 AC 6 DC 3.0 Amps/hr 2
2.91-12V-110 110 AC 12 DC 1.5 Amps/hr 1
2.89-12V-110 110 AC 12 DC 3.0 Amps/hr 2
2.90-6V-220 220 AC 6 DC 1.5 Amps/hr 1
2.91-12V-220 220 AC 12 DC 1.5 Amps/hr 1
2.89-12V-220 220 AC 12 DC 3.0 Amps/hr 2


2 Battery Charger 12V

The Model 2.89-12V-220 Charger

The units beginning with part numbers of 2.90 or 2.91 all charge one battery at a time at a maximum rate of 1.5 Amps per hour. The units beginning with 2.88 or 2.89 are essentially two identical and completely independent chargers in a single package; each provides a maximum of 1.5 Amps per hour. These are used to charge two batteries at once- each battery would be charged according to its condition and charge state. The leads on these units can be attached to a single large battery (at least 20 Amp-hr rating) and charge at the combined rate of 3.0 Amps/ hr.

The Improved Aerosol Droplet Sampler (Model 212), the Modified CDC Backpack Aspirator (Model 1412) , and the Improved Prokopack Aspirator (Model 1419) units come supplied with an appropriately-sized battery and charger. See product descriptions and instructions sheets for details.

Estimated Charging Times

The miniature incandescent traps such as the Model 512 or the Model 1012 consume about 0.25 Amps/hr when running. Total consumption for a 10-hour night of trapping would drawn down a battery about 2.5 Amps (i.e., 10 hrs * 0.25 Amps/hr = 2.5 Amps). These chargers would take about 2 hours to recharge such a battery. The blacklight traps consume about twice as much electricity per hour, therefore, associated charging times would be twice as long.

Battery 6V, 10Ah

The Model 2.30 gelled-electrolyte 6 volt rechargeable battery.

Battery Types

  • Lead-Acid Batteries: Our lead-acid batteries use a gelled-electrolyte in a sealed, high impact plastic case. The construction of these high power-to-weight batteries eliminates the need to ever water or worry about spilling acid. The units are completely rechargeable and weigh 4 and 8 lbs for the 6 and 12 VDC versions, respectively.  The 6 V version is rated at 12 amp-hours and the 12 V version at 10 amp-hours. See our battery product page for additional battery sizes. Please contact us with questions regarding appropriate chargers, batteries, or charging techniques for your application.
  • Disposable Batteries: For individuals desiring the convenience of disposable batteries, all of our 6 volt traps are available with a 4-D Cell Battery Holder (Model 1.50) that will hold 4 D-cells – enough capacity for 1 or 2 night’s operations, depending on trap and battery type.
  • Solar-Powered Battery Chargers: Our solar-powered battery chargers are available in 6 or 12 VDC units depending upon voltage and amperage requirements of your traps. Solar Charger Model SA (Model 2.50) is for 6 volt traps; it is capable of replenishing the power used during the previous night (ca. 2.0 Amps) during the following day. The Solar Charger Model CD (Model 2.60) is for 12 volt traps and can recharge a single battery which has been used to power a blacklight trap for 10 or more hours (ca. 5 Amps). Both units complete with power cords, stands, and instructions. Both are protected from reverse-polarity connection.